Qi shu partner

Best Quotes(2)

2020.08.31 00:46 Beleth01 Best Quotes(2)

This List(2)
[Link to list(1), here] - [Link to list(3), here]
1203 "Not fighting."
"What kind of person am I?"
"This weakling?"
"Hehe, not worthy of me making a move."
"In the future, when my biography is written, my first battle after seclusion is against Heavenly Lord Bai Zu, but the second battle is with this thing? There won't be any splendor even if I win against such a minor character of Ye Lui tribe."
"Elder Liu Guan Yi, if you truly have skills, go kill him!" That Gu Immortal of Bai Zu tribe sneered.
Fang Yuan lightly shook his head, boasting shamelessly: "How can you comprehend my power? That's why you will never have the hope of becoming an expert like me."
How could they have known Fang Yuan to speak: "Look, he is indeed afraid of me, even if I didn't."
1207 What blood battle martial competition, I don't give a f*ck!
Screw off.
In any case, Fang Yuan's agreement with Chu Sect was extremely loose. Besides some fundamental interests and principles, even if he suddenly did not want to do a task, or his interest waned, or he betrayed the sect, or he voluntarily left Chu Sect, he would receive no backlash.
1207 Fang Yuan's only worry was that the world wouldn't be chaotic, sinister and dangerous thoughts started to rise up in his mind.
1223 When he saw Fang Yuan, he immediately lowered himself and stuck to Fang Yuan like a fly. Whatever he was asked, he answered to the best of his abilities. If Fang Yuan wanted to kick his butt, he would definitely move his butt over to Fang Yuan's leg so that he could kick it more conveniently.
1224 Right now, she was pure yet wild, she was cute and embarrassed. Especially with her subservient attitude, when men see her, they would feel something emerging in their crotches, they would want to hug her tightly and give her some well deserved love.
1240 Bai Ning Bing snorted, transmitting: "I would like him to come here. I want to cooperate with him, even if I have to give up this Bai Xiang grotto-heaven, so be it."
1279 Fang Yuan could not break free for a period of time.
In this urgent situation, he exclaimed: "Old Bai, do you still remember Imperial Court blessed land?"
Tai Bai Yun Sheng was stunned, he exposed a flaw.
Fang Yuan's eyes shined with a ruthless light, his fingers pierced into Tai Bai Yun Sheng's eyes without mercy.
Tai Bai Yun Sheng was heavily injured, blood was pouring out of his eyes.
Fang Yuan used this chance to unleash the finishing blow as Tai Bai Yun Sheng stopped moving entirely.
He was dead.
"Hmph!" Fang Yuan shrugged off Tai Bai Yun Sheng's corpse as he continued to swim, chasing after Ying Wu Xie.
1280 Fang Yuan was expressionless, he stared ahead at Ying Wu Xie: "Such a close relationship, that rank eight miniman Gu Immortal who went crazy must be a member of Shadow Sect. I must kill him, I must eliminate them all! Inside Reverse Flow River, it is the best opportunity for me to eliminate these threats once and for all!"
1284 "I did not exert any strength. Oh wait, Ma Hong Yun died of exhaustion! He carried Zhao Lian Yun as they traveled in the river, he was completely overexerting himself, surpassing his limits. Eventually, not only was he out of stamina, he was also drained of mental energy. After I caught him, his body relaxed and he died immediately."
"Ma Hong Yun actually died?! Never mind, I still have Zhao Lian Yun." Fang Yuan held in his shock.
1285 I had once screamed, gradually, I lost my voice.
I had once cried, gradually, I lost my tears.
I had once grieved, gradually, I became able to withstand everything.
I had once rejoiced, gradually, I became unmoved by the world.
And now!
All I have left is an expressionless face, my gaze is as tough as a monolith, only perseverance remains in my heart.
This is my own, an insignificant character, Fang Yuan's — Perseverance!
1317 "This is truly a pity. No matter how beautiful you are, without eternal life, you will just be a pile of bones in the end."
"Beauty is superficial, but people cannot stop indulging in it."
"But this Fairy Tian Lu is indeed Qiao Si Liu's best friend, their coordination is remarkable."
"What is this guy's origin? I have many Immortal Gu, if I could obtain his food path inheritance, it might be a huge help to me." Fang Yuan immediately had malicious intent.
Even if you had no intention to harm others, they might still want to harm you.
Fang Yuan was somewhat moved.
1317 Unfortunately, due to a lack of fortuitous encounters, he could do nothing about it.
Since there were no fortuitous encounters, then he had to make a move himself and rob others.
Fang Yuan did not have any feeling of guilt!
1317 Many Gu Immortals were particular about not attacking others if others did not attack them.
However, Fang Yuan was someone who, even if others did not attack him, would go attack them.
1332 "Qiao Si Liu is seeking to be with me, this is not her personal wish, but the political desire of Qiao clan."
"And with just this, I am already ahead of all her suitors."
"No matter how many times I fail, no matter how many women I go after, no matter how weak I am, even if I make a scene like during the moon festival, so what?"
"I am already victorious!"
"In fact, even if I go after another woman instead of Qiao Si Liu, she will turn around and pursue me instead."
"Of course, this is not love, this is… politics!"
1332 Actually, there was far more.
A woman's beauty was her natural dowry.
This dowry was extremely valuable, it was a huge amount of wealth.
Who would not want such wealth?
But not everyone could protect this wealth.
If a beauty was willing to give this wealth to her partner out of pure love, then this lucky person should treat her well.
But the truth was, such situations were too few.
If it happened, treasure it, if it didn't, don't bank on it.
This was not 'unseemly'.
This was — reality.
1360 "Lingering split soul of Spectral Soul, hmph, I will kill him. Fairy Zi Wei, go deal with that super Gu formation and kill Fang Yuan. The others will control Heaven Overseeing Tower and leave this place. Zuo Ye Hui will surely follow, I do not need success, I just do not want failure." Duke Long ordered, as everyone responded.
1360 "Fang Yuan, you were an otherworldly demon chosen by heaven's will and tasked to save the people of this world. Even though you destroyed Shadow Sect's heaven defying plan, you took a wrong step and betrayed the righteous path, entering the demonic path and becoming enemies with the world. If you admit your mistake now and surrender, I will leave you with a complete corpse, I will make a biography for you after death so that your name will go down in history as a lesson for the future."
1366 "Fang Yuan, I need to thank you. Purple Mountain True Monarch is a great title, thanks for bestowing it, I like it."
1368 "In this battle, I am bullying a junior, if you were not someone who is defying fate, we might be able to sit down and have a nice conversation. After all, in this world, there are too few people who can register my interest."
"However, I believe that in the near future, the entire world will brighten up, it will become incredibly exciting."
"And I will be the person to unveil this great new era!"
1369 "The great era is coming, antiques like myself should quietly lie down and stop trying to become the main characters of the current era. Oh Spectral Soul, your era is long gone."
1370 "Demonic path members are truly insidious and greedy beyond hope. Even before death, you are still scamming others. Oh Fang Yuan, your crimes are too severe, you will die today without doubt! Forget about running away, because with me around, you have no hope of escaping." At this time, Fairy Zi Wei's voice resounded from the super Gu formation.
1370 Right when Fang Yuan was working hard on this goal, he received Purple Mountain True Monarch's words: "Fang Yuan, can we continue to cooperate?"
Fang Yuan's interest was roused: "Of course."
"Hehehe, very good, I was not wrong about you!"
"I will entrust everything to you. My Immortal Gu, my killer moves, my experiences… and you will not need to bear any responsibility or task."
"Ying Wu Xie, Hei Lou Lan, White Rabbit, Miao Yin and Sixth Hair, they will all be your subordinates!"
"From now onwards, you will be the leader of Shadow Sect!"
1371 "The great era is coming, Fang Yuan!"
"Heavenly Court wants to be the leader of the five regions and rule all of humanity."
"Heavenly Court will not let you off, because you are not Zhao Lian Yun, you are a complete otherworldly demon, you have the sovereign immortal aperture as well as the luck path true inheritance."
"You do not belong to this world, you are a defier of fate, a source of chaos, the biggest uncertainty in heaven and earth."
"You are the target of Heavenly Court's extermination, if you do not get rid of Heavenly Court, they will eradicate you!"
"My Shadow Sect had once wanted to defy the way of heaven and become a venerable again. But Heavenly Court was our greatest obstacle, even though we lost, I would rather pass you everything than give them to our enemies. Hahaha."
1371 Purple Mountain True Monarch chuckled: "Haven't you noticed this flaw? It is not hard to guess, the answer is food. Your sovereign immortal body was not created by human reproduction, even though it has flesh and blood, the origin is different. The essence of a rank nine Immortal Gu remains. Since it is like a rank nine Immortal Gu, it definitely needs to be fed!"
1372 "Go ahead and wreak havoc in this world, Fang Yuan!!"
1393 "What a handsome person!"
"Seeing his demeanor, he seems to be a righteous path Gu Immortal."
Just as Three Feather Boy was guessing, Fang Yuan looked at him and squinted, having some joy in his tone: "Good, this is the third person I've met, after eating you, my appetite will be appeased for some time."
"What?!" Three Feather Boy was shocked, he quickly retreated: "What righteous path is this! He wants to eat me? Sister, save me!"
1395 Even if heaven's will plotted, so what?
As long as Fang Yuan was strong enough, no matter who was instigated, their survival instincts would take over at the crucial moment.
1434 Right at this time, Spectral Soul's will called out in the stone lotus island: "Not good, the stone lotus island cannot endure this burden. If we insist on killing Lord Huang Shi, this stone lotus island's foundation will be used up. If we let go of Huang Shi, it can still last for a few years."
"Kill him." Fang Yuan's gaze shined eerily as he spat out these two words without any hesitation.
1442 Feng Jiu Ge explained: "In an Immortal Venerable's or Demon Venerable's cultivation journey, they would always have a Dao Guardian. Every Dao Guardian plays an important role in the development of the venerable."
1464 Fang Yuan raised his head as he smiled: "Not just anyone can become my wife, Fang Yuan's wife. Even though the snowmen recommended you, your qualifications will depend on my test."
"Test?" Xue Er gritted her teeth: "Please explain to me, Lord Fang Yuan."
Fang Yuan said: "Go to Tai Qiu and collect souls for me. When you leave, someone will arrange it for you."
1464 "Sister Lou Lan, you are amazing!" Xue Er looked at Hei Lou Lan with an incredulous gaze.
Hei Lou Lan shook her head: "This is nothing."
"No, no, you are really amazing. You have rank six Gu Immortal cultivation level but rank seven battle strength. This is not achievable by normal Gu Immortals." Xue Er waved her hands.
Hei Lou Lan smiled bitterly: "This is really nothing, in Shadow Sect, I am very ordinary."
Xue Er heard Hei Lou Lan's reply and her heart jumped.
Hei Lou Lan: "When you see them, you will understand. Let's go."
1464 Xue Er thought: "Why is Fang Yuan surrounded by so many beauties? And they are such talented people! Now wonder he thinks little of me."
1472 You Chan was drinking tea, while Fang Yuan drank wine.
He was not drinking ordinary wine, this was engagement wine.
And this engagement wine was not anyone else's but his own!
"Congratulations Lord Fang Yuan and Fairy Xue Er, it is truly wonderful that both of you lovers could get together. Hahaha!" Bing Zhuo laughed loudly as he spoke and toasted.
Fang Yuan smiled and raised his cup in response, he looked around the place.
1481 Fang Yuan was a little gloomy, the wisdom Gu in > was extremely intelligent, it even scammed Ren Zu several times, why was it so stupid here? It did not show the intelligence of wisdom Gu at all.
Was this because > was a story, or was there any other reason?
1486 "Fang Yuan, you are a reputed person with rank eight battle strength, you actually sneak attacked!" At the other side, You Chan shouted with deep anger in her.
Fang Yuan had such an advantage but he still sneak attacked, he was truly too shameless, he did not have the disposition of an expert, he was too shameless!
1520 Fang Yuan smiled: "Of course, let's settle the scores first. Firstly, even if I do nothing and watch, keeping confidential is already a form of contribution to Fang clan, you need to compensate me for that. Secondly, I saved Fang Yun and Fang Leng, even though I did that on a whim, I undoubtedly helped you in this plan to get Divine Bean Palace. Earlier, I did not want any rewards, but now, I do. Furthermore, I was attacked and helped to defend Fallen Flower Hall, fighting against such strong enemies in a dangerous fight, I need compensation for that too. And finally, even after my efforts, a member of your Fang clan accused me and slandered my goodwill, my mood has been ruined, I also need to be compensated for that."
1534 Next, everyone saw a figure flying in the sky, moving like a sword piercing the air.
All of the white clouds in the sky were cut into two by this figure.
"It seems like a person?"
"Immortal?!"
The Gu Masters were shocked.
"Who is it?"
"This aura, it is not an ordinary immortal…"
The Gu Immortals were alerted and felt great surprise.
The figure stopped in the air as everyone saw this Gu Immortal's true appearance.
Only to see that his complexion was as clear as jade, his nose was tall and his black eyes were shining with cold light. He had long hair that resembled a waterfall, hanging straight down to his waist. He wore a white robe that fluttered in the wind, he was handsome to the point of looking like a peerless beauty, his dominating aura was extremely intense.
All of the mortal Gu Masters looked up towards him.
In pure silence.
Before they heard him speak in a plain tone: "My bird, so you are here."
1535 At this moment, tears emerged in her eyes, she confirmed that this was love!
Love was absurd, there was no logic in it.
Trying to find an answer for love was stupid and foolish.
1536 But at the next moment, Tie Ruo Nan's heroic eyes stared widely.
Tie Mian Shen sighed as he said: "Oh Fang Yuan, you rampaged unhindered over the five regions, you are renowned in the world, I am not your match. But even if I die, I will fight, this is the resolution of my Tie clan!"
"But I have something to say, we are both immortals, we should not implicate these mortals. Why don't we let these mortals leave first, we can have a good fight, even if I die, I will have no regrets."
"What, what did he say? Lord Tie Mian Shen admitted he could not match Fang Yuan? How, how could this be?" Tie Ruo Nan was tongue-tied, this shocking news almost destroyed her entire mental state.
1536 Fang Yuan's fame resounded in the world, his demonic might was a deterrence to the entire world! Even someone like Wu Yong was toyed around by him, and Heavenly Court could not even catch him after such a long time. These were merely rank six Gu Immortals, it was normal to feel this.
1538 "Enough, I will not be enemies with brother Hei Tu, even if he kills me." Shang Xin Ci shook her head with firm determination.
1543 Feng Jiu Ge smiled coldly: "My righteous path is the righteous path of humans, not variant humans. Since when did you variant humans consider yourselves equal to us humans?"
1545 The pain of separation, the sadness of separation, the gloominess of separation, and the reluctance of separation.
Splitting up with your lover, never seeing your friends again, and the death of your loved ones.
Separated, but the past remains the same.
Separated, as old friends bid farewell.
Separated, like the setting of the sun.
Separated, like falling flowers that convey deep sadness.
"I'll separate your mother!!" Suddenly, Lang Ya land spirit screamed in a thunderous tone, resounding in the entire blessed land.
1579 Feng Jiu Ge was pale as paper, he had sustained severe injuries but he spit out some blood: "Cough, you can try. I'm not afraid to let you know, fate armor Immortal Gu's effect is defense, its power varies but it only follows the results dictated by fate. If I am not meant to die now, fate armor Immortal Gu can protect me from any killer move in this world. If I am fated to die already, then Fate Armor's protection will be as weak as paper."
1588 "Heavenly Court is the Heavenly Court of humanity! Fang Yuan, you are extremely talented, you managed to roam freely as a rank seven and evade Heavenly Court's pursuit for so long, it shows your qualification to join us. I can swear on my life, after joining Heavenly Court, not only would you preserve your life, you would be able to cultivate and continue being a free Gu Immortal." Thunder Ghost True Monarch said.
1592 Fang Yuan's appearance was very shocking to the Southern Border righteous path Gu Immortals now!
In the past, Fang Yuan disguised as Wu Yi Hai and obtained great benefits in the battle of the dream realm, becoming the leader of Shadow Sect, eventually he was chased down by Southern Border's righteous path, but he was able to escape.
Heavenly Court's pursuit could not do anything to Fang Yuan.
Months ago, Fang Yuan suddenly appeared in Southern Border and killed two Gu Immortals from Hou clan and Shang clan, if not for Paradise Earth's inheritor, even Tie Mian Shen would have died.
Afterwards, Heavenly Court sent out the rank eight Gu Immortal expert Thunder Ghost True Monarch, the process of the battle was unknown but Fang Yuan managed to take away three of her rib bones, the scene of her getting beaten up was displayed in treasure yellow heaven. Instantly, the world was shaken, Fang Yuan's reputation completely suppressed Feng Jiu Ge as the number one rank seven expert! Most Gu Immortals realized that even though Fang Yuan only had rank seven cultivation level, he was a unique individual on par with and should be treated as a rank eight Gu Immortal.
Furthermore, Fang Yuan was an otherworldly demon who was reborn using Spring Autumn Cicada, he was vicious and devious, many people despised his nonexistent bottom line, even as a Gu Immortal, he attacked mortals.
And now, Fang Yuan was the most dazzling and rapidly rising demonic path overlord!
1594 Yao clan's first supreme elder sighed: "Fang Yuan needs to be dealt with, but he is not an ordinary demonic path Gu Immortal. His identity is very complex, he not only is an otherworldly demon, he also has Spring Autumn Cicada and has returned from the future, he destroyed Eighty-Eight True Yang Building and has Giant Sun's true inheritance, he also inherited Spectral Soul true inheritance and became the leader of Shadow Sect, as well as the funding of Lang Ya blessed land. Even with Central Continent Heavenly Court's pursuit, he still remains scot-free, he continued to harm the world while getting stronger at a rapid rate, far beyond logic. To speak the truth, he has the demeanor of a Demon Venerable in his youth."
1606 It was definitely going to be a fun time ahead.
Not only was he going to extort immortal essence stones, Fang Yuan was going to extort large amounts of resources to raise and feed his newly obtained Immortal Gu.
Without cultivation resources, how could he get stronger?
Get stronger my ass!
There was a good saying — Kill and rob to earn wealth. Killing, extorting, pillaging and burning were the hallmarks of the demonic path!
1619 Fate Gu laughed loudly: "Life and death is decreed by fate, prosperity is up to heaven. Human, you are fated to be poor and menial, tormented and humiliated till you become insane, and in the end, you will also die. Although you refined wealth Gu, you don't have the fate to enjoy it. If you are fated to be poor, even if you dug out gold, it will turn to copper, if you are fated to be rich, even if you pick up paper, it will turn to silk. All these things are under my control."
1619 A million years ago.
"Do you believe in fate?" Duke Long was standing and looking at his disciple warmly.
His disciple was only a youngster with a glossy forehead, handsome appearance and bright eyes. He had long black hair that reached his waist, there was a lifelike red lotus birthmark on his forehead.
Duke Long continued: "Red Lotus, you are the future Immortal Venerable, you will definitely lead us humans towards the greatest prosperity and glory. You will certainly succeed, creating your own Gu worms and techniques, you will become the pride of your parents, become invincible in the world, and your name shall be marked in history. You will join Heavenly Court, become the leader of humanity, and bring blessings to all beings, your glory will shine throughout time and space."
Young Red Lotus blinked his eyes before smiling, exposing his dazzling teeth: "There does not seem to be anything bad with this. I believe in fate!"
Duke Long returned to reality after the slight trance.
He looked at Feng Jin Huang and said solemnly: "Huang Er, you need to understand that you are the future Great Dream Immortal Venerable who will surpass all the past venerables! You will create dream path and be invincible in the whole world. Your glory will shine and spread for ages, becoming the eternal symbol and support of humanity. Don't fear, don't hesitate, take each success to press forward indomitably until you reach the supreme peak of this world!"
Feng Jin Huang's eyes got brighter and brighter as she listened. She smiled with unparalleled beauty.
Duke Long also smiled.
Feng Jin Huang said: "If all this is predestined by fate, then… I do not believe in fate!"
"What?" Duke Long's smile froze on his face.
1625 "The urgent thing now is to kill Fang Yuan! Not to mention Tao Zhu's inheritance, I would even give up a Gu Venerable's true inheritance to kill Fang Yuan!!"
1626 "Fang Yuan, why commit more murders? You kill me, I kill you, this cycle is too pitiful and miserable. You are an outstanding person of this era, why can't you see through this?"
1636 The girl had silvery hair that flowed down to her waist. Her pale blue dragon eyes emitting a cold aura to the outside world. Her skin was white as snow, her expression was cold, her beauty was simply divine. And the most eye-catching thing was the pair of small coral-like dragon horns on her forehead.
Seeing this female immortal, Qi clan's Gu Immortals all thought of a name — Bai Ning Bing.
1641 Bai Ning Bing nodded, she stopped smiling as brilliance flashed in her dragon eyes: "Indeed, I have been pursuing excitement all along. This is why I admire you, Fang Yuan, your life is truly exciting, it is so thrilling! Every time you plot, every time you succeed, or even every time you fail, they are filled with excitement. Especially earlier when you were ambushed by Heavenly Court and had to escape like a dog, it was truly the most thrilling experience!"
"The other Shadow Sect members cannot understand my feelings. Some just want to save Spectral Soul Demon Venerable, some feel fear and panic, some feel immense pressure, but what I feel is excitement and thrill. The bigger the problems, the bigger the troubles, the more exciting life is, isn't that right?"
"Others might not know me, but I am sure that you understand me, right?"
Bai Ning Bing stared at Fang Yuan's eyes with a bright gaze.
Fang Yuan was silent.
1641 In fact, Bai Ning Bing and Fang Yuan were very similar, they were the same kind, only that they pursued different goals.
Fang Yuan pursued eternal life, he was willing to sacrifice anything including himself. Even if he failed and died along the way, he would feel happy and content, because he lived pursuing his dreams, he felt a sense of satisfaction and enjoyment towards life.
Bai Ning Bing said that Fang Yuan understood her, she was absolutely right, it was the same as how she understood Fang Yuan.
The saying goes, heroes admired each other, it was the same for demons.
1641 Even without Bai Ning Bing's words, Fang Yuan knew that he needed all the strength he could get to face Heavenly Court and obtain Red Lotus' true inheritance. Bai Ning Bing was a precious source of battle strength, even if she was given a chance to betray him, so what?
A blade was naturally able to harm oneself. But if he threw this blade away and fought empty handed, was that not a stupid move?
It was up to Fang Yuan's abilities to make good use of this blade and prevent her betrayal.
1641 Thinking of this, Fang Yuan laughed: "Oh Bai Ning Bing, you are truly someone I admire, I will not kill you now. Follow me, witness my failure or success. If I die at your hands, that will be quite a show. But now, display your worth to me, bring me the heads of Qi clan's Gu Immortals, and also… their Qi Sea grotto-heaven."
1642 Fan Xi Liu nodded: "That is the case indeed. Don't you want to take revenge? After all, he slaughtered all of your clansmen in Gu Yue village."
Gu Yue Fang Zheng sighed deeply, even though he had a young face, his gaze was deep with the vicissitudes of life.
"So many years have passed. To speak the truth, even though I still hate him, I understand him already."
"I have thought about it, I was very childish and ignorant when I was young, Fang Yuan had taken care of me greatly. In contrast, my uncle and aunt had treated me as a pawn and made use of me. Should I take revenge for such people? I do not want to."
"Of course, the clan leader and Gu Yue Qing Shu had taken good care of me, they helped to nurture me, I am very willing to take revenge for them."
"But I am tired now… sigh, the cycle of killing each other continues endlessly over time… I do not want revenge anymore."
1647 Fang Zheng nodded to himself, thinking: "Other than this, her descriptions of the calamities and tribulations are also very useful. I can see that this Zhao Lian Yun is very sincere, it is a pity that Immortal Crane Sect is not allowing us to meet, what a pity indeed! Don't you think so, Fang Yuan?"
1647 "This is the fourth one… evidently, Fang Yuan is helping his lackeys undergo tribulation to raise their cultivation levels. If this continues, the situation will not be good."
1653 The white figure appeared in his mind once again.
Her expression was both vague and clear at the same time.
Her name was Xie Han Mo.
Xie Han Mo.
Fang Yuan had never forgotten this name, because she was the person he loved the most in his previous life.
1660 Snap.
Fang Yuan suddenly snapped his fingers, using a time path immortal killer move[1]!
The entire Golden Jade House and even the island became still, anything and everything became motionless.
1676 "Master, I did not imagine there to be a Gu Immortal inheritance here. That Xue Tu Dao secretly came here to obtain this inheritance. After I destroyed his plan, he used the inheritance's power to stop me and although I fought with all my strength, I did not think the battle would cause the mountain to crumble, unexpectedly, unexpectedly… the small village was completely buried. Master! It was me, I caused the death of these villagers!" Hong Ting sobbed.
1680 Duke Long nodded: "Continue to pay attention to him, even though this demon has reached rank eight, he has to face stronger calamities and tribulations now. This will definitely give him a headache. Although he can annex apertures with the sovereign immortal body, he needs rank eight grotto-heavens to skip grand tribulations. Furthermore, there is still the even more terrifying myriad tribulation!"
1687 Fang Yuan looked at the city.
His body was gigantic, the tall city walls could only reach his knees. His expression was tranquil but his bull head horrified countless people. White cloud moved beside his shoulders, and what should have been a clear sky was blocked by his enormous figure, his shadow shrouding everyone's heart.
1702 "How long has Fang Yuan become a Gu Immortal? In just the blink of an eye, he became rank eight. And with another blink, he reached the peak of rank eight, even my battle strength is only at upper-tier rank eight level."
1705 "Who is this person? For just this little amount of cultivation resources, he is fighting as if his life depends on it?" Xiao Hu Chi gritted his teeth, he was also a courageous person, a general of Western Desert's super force Xiao clan, but in battle, he saw how crazy Pi Shui Han acted, he was completely suppressed.
"If I am not wrong, he is Northern Plains' demonic path Gu Immortal Pi Shui Han." Xiao Shi Rang said plainly.
Xiao Hu Chi was dazed: "So it was a Northern Plains brute! No wonder… forget it, Central Continent has so many resources, we do not need to compete with such maniacs."
1717 “To think that I can use this move to come to the future and participate in a huge battle, I am truly fortunate.” The second Northern Plains Gu Immortal who walked out of the phantom River of Time smiled.
1720 His words could be heard from the gentle winds: “The left is love, the right is affection, walking on both sides of life, scattering seeds and blooming flowers, making this journey full of flower fragrance, allowing the person who walks through branches and leaves to feel no pain even as they step on thorns, they can shed tears but feel no sadness.”
[Link to list(1), here] - [Link to list(3), here]
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2019.01.22 17:26 TheKenwyne Getting to Know the Sanguo - Sima Yi (History)

Hello again! This is going to be a long one. So long, in fact, that it’s been split in two. I’ve been busy with work and Sima Yi is a super interesting character we have a lot of writing on, so I’ll be posting the Romance section seperately. This is the second in my series of posts on the characters CA have teased via posters in Total War: Three Kingdoms. The first is [here, regarding the Governor of Yizhou, Liu Zhang.
Now, onto Sima Yi. But first:
A note on the sources
I went into the sources in general in the piece about Liu Zhang, and don’t intend to do this every time. However, Sima Yi is a character that requires special consideration when performing any research/writing. As the progenitor of the Jin Dynasty, which persisted in some form until 420AD, Sima Yi’s place in the historical record is semi-mythologised. He’s the father of a whole dynasty, which means his biography is a little less matter-of-fact than most of the characters in the Three Kingdoms period, who were written about at a time when their power was no longer tangible. Sima Yi’s, through his direct descendents, was, meaning that I’ll be putting lots of disclaimers and maybes into this piece to try and stress how certain aspects of his story, even in the historical record, was dramatised.
Furthermore, his role in the fall of the state of Shu Han means he is demonised in many histories from after the fall of the Jin Dynasty, as the historical conscience generally regards the former as the legitimate successor to the Han Dynasty whilst at the time of the Jin, it was Cao Wei, and thereafter the Jin that served in this role. This dispute is basically bloodline (Liu Bei was a member of the Imperial clan and a distant cousin of the last sitting Han Emperor) vs. state machinery (Cao Wei absorbed many of the practices and features of the Han court as its own system was built straight on top of the Han’s).
Sima Yi in the “Historical” Record
Early Life
Sima Yi, styled Zhongda, was born in 179AD, In Henan, in roughly Central China, to Sima Fang, the second of his eight sons. His clan traced their ancestry to the Civil War immediately following the fall of the Qin Dynasty in the late 3rd Century BC, with a scion of the Sima acting as one of the petty Kings during that chaotic era. The Book of Jin, the official state history of that regime, traces the dynasty to one of the mythological Emperors of the 3rd Millennium BC - this just an example of the sort of outlandish claims that are a frequent feature of that work.
Several sources, however, record Sima Yi’s brilliance as youngster, and he was catching eyes from his teenage years. He was compared favourable to his elder brother, and Cao Cao rapidly took notice of the talented young man. There are several stories of questionable veracity involving Sima Yi refusing to serve Cao Cao after a direct invitation by use of a trick, followed by Cao Cao eventually figuring out that lie and pressing Sima Yi into service under physical threat, but it seems unlikely that any of these events actually occurred. They do, however, signpost a possible unwillingness from Sima Yi to serve Cao Cao.
Under Cao Cao
Either way, Sima Yi was a part of Cao Cao’s force by 208AD. At this time, Cao Cao was Chancellor for the Han Emperor Xian (Chancellor is sometimes translated Prime Minister). Sima Yi rose quickly through both civil and military hierarchies, and was Cao Cao’s Master of Records by 215AD. Following Cao Cao’s successful campaign against Zhang Lu, the shamanistic cult leader who controlled Hanzhong, the gateway to Yizhou (Yi Province, an area roughly the size of U.S. State Colorado which includes modern Chinese metropolises Chengdu and Chongqing), Sima Yi advised him to immediately attack Yizhou, where Liu Bei was still in the process of setting up the nascent Shu Han polity after Liu Zhang’s surrender to him the year before. Cao Cao rejected this advice, instead opening up a campaign against Sun Quan. This is Sima Yi’s first recorded contribution to Cao Wei’s military strategy.
Around this time, Sima Yi fell in with Cao Cao’s son Cao Pi. They were close friends, and Cao Pi had a great deal of trust in Sima Yi. Sima Yi allegedly aided Cao Pi in a quiet power struggle around 216AD against his younger brother Cao Zhi. Sima Yi was made a Major in Wei’s military in 219AD, and assisted in Cao Cao’s lifelong agricultural reform projects, one of his great contributions to the China of his day. During that same year, Guan Yu of Shu began an offensive against Cao Cao’s positions in Jingzhou (Jing Province, the province directly south of Cao Cao’s heartland in the Central Plains) and had some initial success, forcing the surrender of Wei general Yu Jin and killing another in Pang De, whilst besieging and nearly destroying a significant force at Fancheng (Fan castle or city) under Cao Cao’s cousin Cao Ren. Cao Cao was in favour of moving his capital from the nearby city of Xu (known to posterity as Xuchang) to a more secure location, but Sima Yi advised against it, claiming that Guan Yu’s success had largely been due to factors of luck - fortunate encounter battles and inclement weather that had limited Cao Cao’s more dispersed forces’ abilities to communicate and respond to their opponent. Sima Yi instead encouraged Cao Cao to ask Sun Quan to attack Guan Yu’s exposed flank, which he did later that year with an offensive by his general Lu Meng, which captured and killed Guan Yu and his son Guan Ping. Wei reclaimed some territory during this campaign. Sima Yi also advised against relocating population from the disrupted area after Cao Cao feared spies and bandits had infested the land during the tumult, arguing that those individuals would not be easily moved, meaning Cao Cao would only decrease the loyal population in the region. It is claimed by some that said disloyal elements would all later rejoin Cao Cao’s forces.
Under Cao Pi
Cao Cao died in 220AD, and his son Cao Pi ascended to his position of King of Wei. Shortly afterwards, he deposed Emperor Xian and declared himself Emperor, prompting Liu Bei to do the same in Shu (Sun Quan would not follow suit till 229AD, though he declared himself King of Wu in 222AD). By 224AD, Sima Yi was made one of the Masters of Writing, a very senior post in Wei’s civil administration. In the same year, Cao Pi set out to attack Wu. He is said to have declared to Sima Yi on his departure “when I am in the east, you will govern the west; when I am in the west, you will govern the east”, indicating the great level of trust Cao Pi had in Sima Yi. Sima Yi would remain in Wei’s capital at Xu City for this campaign, and another Cao Pi conducted in 225AD. Cao Pi sickened and died suddenly in 226AD, and was replaced by his young son Cao Rui, then between the age of 20 and 22. Sima Yi was made Cao Rui’s official guardian, along with Cao Zhen, an adopted son of Cao Cao’s who had become a significant military figure in the past decade, and Chen Qun, one of Sima Yi’s colleagues amongst the Masters of Writing and a man of great moral rectitude. All three received promotions as Cao Rui reorganised the state after his scuession - Chen Qun was made the foremost Master of Writing and tasked with managing their affairs, Cao Zhen general in chief and Sima Yi General who Confronts the Enemy, later promoted to Grand General of the Flying Cavalry after he participated in a campaign against Sun Quan when the latter tested the new regime’s strength in 227AD.
Under Cao Rui - Meng Da and Zhou Fang
Sima Yi was also made Chief Controller of Jingzhou and Yuzhou (Yu was the province directly north of Jingzhou, and a very important part of Cao Wei’s state machinery also including its long time capital at Xu City), giving him military power in those regions. He was stationed at Wan City, one of the largest settlements in Jingzhou. One of his subordinates was Meng Da, a former Shu general who defected to Wei in 220AD (he had also been amongst the generals of Liu Zhang to defenct to Liu Bei’s side during his initial Yizhou campaigns in 214AD). The serial defector had been made governor of Xincheng (a city in Sima Yi’s new zone of control which bordered Shu’s territory), but had decided that his opportunities for advancement were low after the passing of many of his friends in Wei’s government. In 228AD he contacted Zhuge Liang, then Prime Minister (or Chancellor) of Shu to pledge his allegiance back to the Liu clan. A Wei officer, one Shen Yi, learnt of his letter and informed the Imperial Court. This led to Meng Da plotting open revolt to avoid his execution. However, Sima Yi, aware of the plot due to Shen Yi’s counter espionage, sent Meng Da a letter effusively praising him as a key part of Wei’s defensive strategy. This caused Meng Da to hesitate, giving Sima Yi time to conduct a lightning march from his base in Wan to Xincheng (reputedly covering 700+ miles in 8 days), besiege the settlement and force Meng Da’s surrender within the month, before Zhuge Liang could position troops to relieve him. Meng Da was executed, bringing an end to any attempts at a fourth recorded career defection.
As a fun anecdote, master spy Shen Yi reportedly came off his rocker at this point, reportedly carving his own Imperial Seal and handing out titles to passers by. Sima Yi had him arrested and sent to Luoyang, where the Imperial Court had been returned after Dong Zhuo had removed it from that city in 190AD.
In 228AD, Sun Quan devised a plot to defeat Cao Xiu, an important Wei military commander on the Wei-Wu border. One of Sun Quan’s subjects, Zhou Fang, the Grand Administrator of Poyang (a County, of which many made up a province), which bordered Wei, claimed Sun Quan had mistreated him and offered to hand the city over to Cao Xiu. This offer was though legitimate, so Cao Xiu marched into Wu to take the gift, with Sima Yi and Jia Kui, whose son would later be a key figure in the burgeoning Jin state, positioned nearby to assist should they be required. They were. Cao Xiu suffered wounds that would become infected and kill him later that year, despite being pulled from the ambush alive by some daring action from Jia Kui, who never trusted Zhou Fang’s surrender.
Under Cao Rui - Zhuge Liang’s Northern Expeditions
Whilst Sima Yi was busy with Sun Quan, Zhuge Liang began his Northern Expeditions against Wei. Cao Zhen commanded the defences, and turned back the first two campaigns skillfully, even gaining some ground, before Zhuge Liang gained ground elsewhere in this third campaign in 229AD. A fourth expedition occurred in 231AD, when Sima Yi was assigned to command due to Cao Zhen being laid low by illness. This marks the start of the much romanticised Sima-Zhuge duel which we will return to in the Romance section. Historically, I’m going to copy paste this summary from an excellent translation of a biography of Sima Yi formed from the 11th century historical text Zizhi Tongjian (lit. Comprehensive Mirror in Aid of Governance). Parenthesis mine:
In 231, Zhuge Liang invaded Wei again, surrounding Mount Qi. Specific accounts of the battles that followed are generally unreliable, but a basic summary of events is as follows: Zhuge Liang attained success over some Wei generals at Shanggui, where he was then able to harvest the wheat to supply his army for a little while. Sima Yi's general Guo Huai (another future Jin building block) was able to use his influence with the local tribes to ensure that Wei's army had plenty of provisions in spite of the setback at Shanggui. Zhuge Liang withdrew to Mount Qi and established camps there. The Wei army engaged in battle with forces led by Wei Yan, and Wei Yan (formerly under Liu Biao and a ferocious fighter) was victorious. Shortly thereafter, Zhuge Liang retreated due to a lack of supplies. Zhang He (an excellent cavalry general infamous for his flamboyant portrayal in Koei’s Dynasty Warriors) pursued the retreating army but was killed in an ambush.
Zhuge Liang took a short break thereafter, making his next attempt on the border in 234AD with his fifth expedition. Cao Zhen had died of his illness, leaving Sima Yi as the most senior military authority in Wei. He had a lot on his plate, as Zhuge Liang co-ordinated with Sun Quan to launch a two pronged attack on Wei. Cao Rui, perceiving Sun Quan as the greater threat, oversaw the defence of Hefei Castle on the Wei/Wu border, whilst Sima Yi protected the Shu/Wei border. Guo Huai successfully predicted that Zhuge Liang would attempt to encircle Sima Yi at a point where Wei’s holdings were narrow, but Guo Huai turned the attack aside. Instead, the two armies drew up at Wuzhangyuan, (Wuzhang Plains an, er, field) and after a few initial skirmishes, a stalemate occurred. Initially a happenstance, the Wei brain trust correctly concluded that Zhuge Liang’s supply lines were stretched (as they had been on each of his previous Northern Campaigns), and they intentionally prolonged the stalemate for going on six months. Zhuge Liang desperately attempted to initiate a battle, but was unable to provoke Sima Yi into fighting, though some sources report that only through the presence of Cao Rui’s representative bearing the Emperor’s Sceptre was Sima Yi prevented from giving battle. There are several amusing anecdotes regarding this process (Sima Yi was faking his temper tantrums and willingness to fight to appease his men as he was onboard with the stalemate himself; Zhuge Liang sent Sima Yi a chest full of women’s clothing to provoke him; Zhuge Liang sent a messenger to insult Sima Yi, but Sima Yi deduced from the man’s insults and from some questions he asked that Zhuge Liang was dying…) but none of them are verifiable.
As the Autumn drew in, Zhuge Liang sickened and died sometime in September or October. Shortly thereafter, the Shu army enacted a general retreat. Sima Yi rapidly moved to pursue the army, but turned back for reasons that are again unclear. Either the Shu army disintegrated without Zhuge Liang’s guiding hand, with Wei Yan and Yang Yi, Zhuge Liang’s chief deputy, engaging in a battle which led to Wei Yan’s death. Or, as the Shu army retreated under Yang Yi’s leadership, it turned to face Sima Yi’s pursuing army, after which Sima Yi retreated instead of giving battle. This is another incident we’ll revisit in the Romance section. The Northern Campaigns would continue under Jiang Wei, but Sima Yi was not actively involved in them after Wuzhang.
Under Cao Rui - The Liaodong Campaign
Cao Rui beat off Sun Quan’s attack at Hefei, and, following the successful conclusion of the Wuzhang Campaign, awarded Sima Yi the rank of Grand Commandant in 235AD. In 238AD, Sima Yi led a campaign against Gongsun Yuan, who was in control of Liaodong County in China’s extreme North East, bordering the proto-Korean state of Goguryeo. Gongsun Yuan’s polity had been created by Dong Zhuo (his grandfather Gongsun Du) in 190AD, and his father Gongsun Kang had made friendly overtures to Cao Cao in the dying days of his campaign against the Yuan clan in 206AD, killing Yuan Shao’s sons and sending him their heads after they had fled to him. This was a trend that persisted, with many political refugees from the turbulent situation in the rest of China fleeing to Liaodong to lick their rooms. This had led to this polity being treated as vassal lords of the central government, despite being afforded considerable autonomy due to their remoteness. However, in the 230sAD Gongsun Yuan started treating with Sun Quan, selling horses to Wu, which was starved of this valuable strategic resource. Cao Rui sent two armies to attack him, in 236 and 237AD, but neither achieved much success, hence Sima Yi getting the call in 238AD.
The Gongsuns of Liaodong had survived so long partly due to keeping their heads down and partly due to the naturally defensible nature of the region - there were many natural chokepoints, it was extremely remote with poor infrastructure, and the climate was often violent. Gongsun Yuan fortified the approach to his land further at the fords of the Liao river. Many of Sima Yi’s subordinates encouraged him to attack these positions, but Sima Yi instead used a decoy unit to draw out the armies garrisoning these positions, and then destroyed them with a night attack as they attempted to withdraw to the capital of Xiangping (the city where Gongsun Yuan was based) having realised their mistake. Sima Yi’s attempted siege of Xiangping was ruined by extensive flooding in the summer of 238, which allowed ships to reach the landlocked city. Several of Sima Yi’s officers advocated for a retreat to the fortifications on the Liao River to avoid the hardships of the flood, but Sima Yi refused and banned all discussion of that strategy, executing one general who did not heed the warning. As his subordinates continued to grouse, Sima Yi outlined the reason for his strategy. Quoting again from the excellent collated Zizhitongjian bio, which I’ll link in the sources section of this spiel:
Relying on the flooding to keep Sima Yi at bay, the locals were gathering firewood and grazing their herds without paying much attention to the army. Some of Sima Yi's generals wanted him to seize the livestock, but Sima Yi would not hear of it. One of Sima Yi's officers [...] pointed out the difference between Sima Yi's lightning-fast destruction of Meng Da and his slower methods in dealing with Gongsun Yuan. Sima Yi explained that Meng Da's army was small but well-provisioned, while Sima Yi's had been large but without adequate supplies. Therefore, he had to be swift in suppressing Meng Da. In the case of Gongsun Yuan, the army was larger than Sima Yi's but had far fewer provisions, so it was best to be patient and starve them out. Sima Yi went on to say that his biggest concern was that the Gongsun army would flee and would have to be hunted across Liaodong. If Sima Yi plundered their animals and assaulted their civilians, it would compel the Gongsun leaders to flee. So, it was best to wait for their supplies to diminish, trusting that the flooding would keep them from fleeing – and would make them believe they could still flee if they decided to. Once the ground dried out, Sima Yi could complete the encirclement quickly and trap them completely.
Sima Yi’s foresight proved correct, as once the encirclement of Xiangping and Sima Yi launched numerous violent assaults upon its walls the city began to fall to pieces. Gongsun Yuan begged Sima Yi to lift the siege, offering to present himself as a prisoner through envoys. He executed the envoys, sending a messenger with their heads to Gongsun Yuan, essentially declaring that he had no reason to trust him. Gongsun Yuan sent another messenger, who inquired after the possibility of taking hostages. Sima Yi is alleged to have told him that he already had the whole city hostage, why settle for individuals?
By September, the city and Gongsun Yuan’s military had crumbled into anarchy. Gongsun Yuan himself attempted to break the encirclement, but was killed in the act along with his sons. Sima Yi initiated a vicious pogrom against all members of the Xiangping population considered inveterate rebels, sparing those with no history of disloyalty. This act of savagery encouraged the rest of Liaodong to surrender to Sima Yi swiftly thereafter. Sima Yi tempered his violence with mercy, allowing any fugitives from the rest of China who’d fled to this remote corner of the land (and there were many) in the years since the Gongsuns had come to power to return with a clean slate. He also held funerals for those who had been executed for opposing Gongsun Yuan towards the end of his regime.
Under Cao Rui - Succession
As Sima Yi headed back from Liaodong, Cao Rui, as his father had done, sickened in his prime expected to die. Cao Rui had fathered no natural children, but had quietly adopted two boys, Cao Fang and Cao Xun, both of whom are presumed to have already been members of the Cao clan, but their parentage is unclear. Both were young at this time, with Xun around 6 and Fang around 7 years old, necessitating a regency. Cao Rui had no brothers, so the regents had to be selected from a wider pool. The initial selection of new men was:
Cao Yu, one of Cao Cao’s younger sons. (Cao Cao had had a multitude of female partners and upwards of 20 recorded offspring) Cao Rui allegedly had spent his childhood with Cao Yu, so it’s often assumed they’re of an age, or possibly even that Cao Yu was a surrogate father figure.
Xiahou Xian. A scion of the famous Xiahou clan that produced such notables as Xiahous Yuan, Dun and Ba, it’s unclear which branch of the family Xian hailed from.
Cao Zhao, son of Cao Xiu, who we met earlier in the act of his death whilst battling Wei. He was a distant cousin of Cao Cao’s.
Cao Shaung, son of Cao Zhen, who foiled the first three of Zhuge Liang’s Northern Campaigns. Cao Zhen had been an adopted son of Cao Cao.
Qin Lang, a field general and friend of Cao Rui. They had seen service together in the Hefei Campaign against Wu in 234AD.
However, some officials, who were close to Cao Rui and handled all of his most private papers, were not thrilled with this selection of new men. At odds with Cao Zhao, Xiahou Xian and Qin Lang, they coerced Cao Rui into not awarding them their positions. Cao Yu declined the title offered him, stating he did not feel qualified to rule. This left Cao Shuang, and, Cao Rui, fearing the young man to lack the qualifications and comfortable for governing the state, summoned Sima Yi, a man of proven competence and one of his father’s closest friends, to join him in the regency. Sima Yi arrived in the capital as 239AD was beginning. Cao Rui clung to life long enough to formally commit Cao Fang, the Crown Prince, into his guardianship before passing. Cao Fang, by then turned 8, is recorded as “embrac[ing]” Sima Yi at his father’s deathbed.
Under Cao Fang - Regency and Power Struggle with Cao Shuang
Despite this emotional scene, the machinery of the state coalesced around the dual powers of Sima Yi and Cao Shuang. Both were given very similar high titles, with Sima Yi being in civil affairs (Directors of the Affairs of the Masters of Writing), and in military (Directors of Military Affairs). Between the two of them they had the running of all of Cao Wei. To start with, things got off on the right foot. Cao Shuang, presumably between 20 and 30 years Sima Yi’s junior (we have no record of his date of birth, but can infer his rough age from career of his father) treated the older man “like a father”, asking him for advice and having an altogether harmonious relationship. As the saying goes, power corrupts, and so it did with Cao Shuang. Cao Shuang had many friends amongst a series of trendy scholarly cliques, with such excellent names as the Four Sagacious Ones and The Eight Intelligent Ones, that had sprung up through the 230sAD. Cao Rui and his administration had dismissed them as “insult[ing] to true scholarship”, and had prevented any of them attaining ranks. Cao Shuang did away with this policy. Possibly under the influence of these new men, or other “untrustworthy advisers”, Cao Shuang began to perceive Sima Yi as a threat to his position. He had Sima Yi appointed as Grand Tutor to the Emperor, a title that conveyed great honour, but formally required the recipient to withdraw from political life and resign all other offices. Cao Shuang had the blow softened by adding qualifying statements to the decree, allowing Sima Yi to retain his control of the army and also some of his tax levying powers.
Sima Yi accepted as graciously as could be expected, and Cao Shuang immediately started filling the vacuum left by his departure from the scene with his lackeys, amongst them his brothers. The histories generally agree that this regime was entirely corrupt and filled with nepotism. Deprived of the official ability to intervene, Sima Yi worked through proxies. Deng Ai, who would go on to win great glory in the destruction of Shu, was made Prefect of the Masters of Writing by 242AD, who had to approve all decrees generated from that office. He leaked them to Sima Yi, allowing the latter to maintain his control over that arm of the government. Another friend, Jiang Ji, was made Grand Commandant, allowing Sima Yi to maintain his influence on the military disposition of the state. He was already afforded field command by the exceptions written into his appointment as Grand Tutor by Cao Shuang, effectively allowing him to continue operating as he had before.
During this time, with the aid of Deng Ai, Sima Yi returned to his agricultural projects, which had been a part of his work in government since his service under Cao Cao. Extensive canal work around the Haui River and re-organisation of the people there greatly increased the area’s productivity. Most histories credit Deng Ai and Sima Yi jointly, though this is the sort of thing Grand Tutor Sima Yi should definitely have not been involved in.
Cao Shuang’s poor government caught the eye of Wei’s long time enemies in Shu and Wu. Wu began a large, four pronged invasion in 243AD. Attacks struck four cities along the frontier. Quan Zong’s captured Huainang before being driven away by a counter attack under Wang Ling and Sun Li, two veterans of the Wei army. The rest of the campaign was focused on the old battleground of Jingzhou. Zhuge Jin (Zhuge Liang’s younger brother) captured Zhuzhong, whilst Zhuge Ke (Zhuge Jin’s son) and Zhu Ran (most famous for a fire attack at the Battle of Yiling that indirectly caused Liu Bei’s death) attacked Liu’an and Fancheng respectively. The inspector of Jin, Hu Zhi, mounted a fine defence, but Sima Yi mobilised his army and came to his aid, driving the Wu forces off. He pursued Zhu Ran’s division and captured many soldiers. With the Wu invasion blunted with only minimal losses, Sima Yi returned to the capital at Luoyang. Not finished, Zhuge Ke plotted to attack the large city of Shouchun. Sima Yi learnt of this attempt from his spies, and began organising an army to pre-emptively attack Zhuge Ke’s position. Sun Quan, eager to avoid confrontation now it had been made clear that Wei was not entirely toothless, had Zhuge Ke transferred away from the front. Sima Yi ceased preparations in response.
Cao Shuang, eager to gain a military reputation of his own, planned an invasion of Shu in 244AD, appointing his cousin, Xiahou Xuan, to command all men in Liangzhou and Yongzhou (two provinces along the Wei-Shu border). Sima Yi advised against the attack, but Cao Shuang did not listen. The campaign was a disaster, with the Wei forces retreating with no territory captured and having taken significant losses after suffering raids from nomadic tribes and food shortages whilst besieging dug in Shu forces on the border. Cao Shaung was further humiliated by Xiahou Xuan taking Sima Yi’s advice and committing as few men as possible to the attack.
There was allegedly an incident that further widened the gulf between Cao Shuang and Sima Yi in 247AD, when Cao Shaung allegedly had the Empress Dowager Guo (Cao Rui’s first wife) relocated to a new palace. This is meant to have increased the antagonism between the two men, though it’s noted that this may just have been the official palace for the Empress Dowager to reside in once the Emperor comes of age - Cao Fang would have been 16 in 247AD.
Either way, later that year Sima Yi withdrew from court life for around a month. Though his allies would have been able to keep the state running, the reason for his withdrawal is presumed to be the death of his first wife, remembered by history as Lady Zhang or Zhang Chunhua, with whom he had cohabited since before joining Cao Cao in 208AD. It seems reasonable that he would have taken some time away from work after such a loss, though it should also be noted that, at 68, Sima Yi could have been suffering from any number of other infirmities also.
Later in 247AD, Sun Li, who had previously helped turn back Sun Quan’s (no relation) latest invasions and also been amongst those close to Cao Shuang around the start of the regency - he had been appointed his assistant by Cao Rui before his passing - was made Governor of Jizhou (a province in the centre of Northern China, centred on the great city of Ye). There was at this time a squabble going on between two Imperial Princes, who were having a border dispute over their Imperial Fiefs. It should be noted that under both the Han and Wei Dynasties, Nobles of all stripes did not directly control the land they were enfeoffed with, rather they were just reimbursed with money equal to the sum of the tax income of all households within their fief. Governors and Protectors, like Sun Li, were responsible for the direct control of the region. Sun Li resolved this dispute, after consulting with Sima Yi, in favour of one prince. Cao Shuang, however, favoured the other, declaring Sun Li’s ruling null and void. This caused Sun Li to argue with Cao Shuang, ending in the former’s banishment from political life for five years. He lived in the home of a commoner for one year, before being appointed Inspector of Bingzhou (A province in North Eastern China, Jizhou’s neighbour to the East) to combat with a series of particularly vicious Xiongnu (a steppe tribe who may have shared ancestry with the Huns of Attila fame) raids. Tired of being used, Sun Li privately told Sima Yi of his frustrations before leaving. Sima Yi told him to endure the hardship, implying that change was coming.
Another of Cao Shuang’s partisans - a Li Sheng, who had been amongst the first officials Cao Shuang had appointed - was made Governor of Jingzhou. Before he left, he visited Sima Yi to say goodbye. There is much dispute as to why. Either it was a legitimate house-call - the two were certainly acquainted, having worked together in government for at least 8 years by the time of this event - or Sima Yi had been “feigning” illness to deceive Cao Shuang into thinking he was weak, and that he maintained this illusion in front of Li Sheng on this occasion. This is another episode we’ll return to when it comes to discussing the Romance.
Under Cao Fang - The Gaoping Tombs Coup
In 249AD, Cao Shuang took Cao Fang, then still short of 20 years old, to visit the tomb of his father outside of Luoyang City. Also accompanying Cao Fang were several of Cao Shaung’s closest allies, including his brothers Cao Xi and Cao Xun. Sima Yi, bearing an edict from the Empress Dowager Guo, then mobilised the army around Luoyang and occupied the residences of the grandees of Cao Shuang’s. He issued a Memorial to the Emperor declaring Cao Shuang a puppet master who had deprived the Emperor of his heaven-mandated power - which the historical record happily backs up, though it’s important to remember the huge bias surrounding the history of this period - and formally removed him and his brothers from positions of power.
Cao Shuang intercepted the memorial before it could reach Cao Fang - still on their short trip to the Imperial Tombs, which couldn’t have been for longer than a few days - and vacillated on what to do. Several of Sima Yi’s subordinates (including Grand Commandant Jiang Ji) and some of Cao Shuang’s urged him to plead guilty and surrender his armies, which he eventually did. He and his brothers were placed under house arrest, and the Emperor was returned to his palace. Four days after the arrest took place, one of Cao Shuang’s subordinates, one Zhang Dang, was accused of taking “palace ladies” concubines of the Emperor from the harem and giving them to Cao Shuang. When arrested and questioned Zhang Dang claimed that Cao Shuang had been plotting to remove the Emperor from power. With this evidence, Sima Yi had Cao Shuang and the other leaders of his faction executed, along with their families down to the youngest child. Most junior members without familial ties to the leaders were pardoned. The truth of Zhang Dang’s story and the extent of what he said is the cause for much debate.
Under Cao Fang - Power Behind the Throne
There’s an oft reported story that diverges from Sima Yi’s character of a ruthless and effective, but often inhumane, leader, that dates from this period. A woman of the Xiahou clan had at this time been widowed, and due to the fact she had no male heir her father attempted to force her to marry again, an idea which the woman opposed. Sima Yi arranged for her to adopt an heir so she would not have to marry and the family line could legally continue. Just to prove there is a heart in this inveterate schemer!
Sima Yi refused all official titles offered him at this time. Including the post of Chancellor or Prime Minister, and continued to act as a quiet shadow behind the throne, though it’s generally agreed that from this period on, Cao Wei was simply machinery disguising the nascent Jin Dynasty.
Wang Ling, a general who had previously delivered good service on the Wei-Wu frontier, began plotting to establish a rebel Wei state under Cao Biao, yet another of Cao Cao’s many sons. He was unable to rouse much support, with even his own son refusing to join him. In 251AD, acting on the pretext that Wu was preparing an attack - Wu forces were redirecting waterways near the border - Wang Ling asked if he could mobilise the army (he’d been made Grand Commandant after the death of Jiang Ji in 250AD). He sent an officer to the Inspector of Yanzhou (a Central Chinese province and historic powerbase of the Cao clan) to gain his support for the coup as he moved his army to attack the Wu forces. Both the officer and the Inspector reported this to Sima Yi.
Sima Yi responded by mobilising the army (then at the grand old age of 71) and marching to confront Wang Ling. Realising his mistake, Wang Ling surrendered after Sima Yi both harangued him and soothed him in two letters. Wang Ling had his soldiers tied him up and deliver him to Sima Yi’s camp, and Sima Yi loosed his bonds and had him escorted to the capital. He was poisoned on route, officially a “suicide” but in fact an extrajudicial execution by Sima Yi. This was confirmed when many others involved in the plot, including Wang Ling’s entire family save his sister, were executed. Cao Biao was also killed.
This was Sima Yi’s last scheme, as he died of natural causes in 253AD. His sons, Sima Shi and Sima Zhao, would continue as the driving forces behind Wei, with Sima Zhao being made King of Jin and destroying Shu before his death in 265AD. It was Sima Zhao’s son, Sima Yan, who deposed Cao Fang and declared himself Emperor of Jin, posthumously making his father, uncle and grandfather Emperors also. Sima Yan would conquer Wu in 280AD, bringing an end to the Three Kingdoms period.
Sources:
Record of Three Kingdoms, transl. various: Cao Cao
Zhuge Liang
Cao Pi
Cao Rui
Cao Zhen
Cao Fang
Cao Shuang
(several more referenced in passing)
Book of Jin, transl. various Sima Yi
Collated biography based primarily on Zizhi Tongjian, capnnerefir
Kongming’s Archives’ Comprehensive Biography, Wu, Jonathan.
My version of this telling is, as usual, simplified and attempting to take a more casual tone. If you want greater detail and less hand holding, please do read the capnnerefir article above. I’ll be back with the Romance and modern cultural bits of Sima Yi’s story in the next week or so when work allows.
submitted by TheKenwyne to totalwar [link] [comments]


2018.10.25 08:08 Blockcloud_Official Blockcloud Updated All-in-One Thread

Blockcloud Updated All-in-One Thread
-- Last updated October 23, 2018 (5:00 PM UCT+8) --
Quick links
· Technical artical
· Official webesite
· Blockcloud twitter
· Blockcloud Facebook
· Blockcloud officail Medium
· Blockcloud official Reddit
· Linkedin
· Telegram En-channel
· Telegram CN-channel
Quick Summary
Blockcloud aims to reinvent the roads on which modern applications drive on. It is blockchain-based advanced TCP/IP that improves and upgrades the existing Internet. Combinning the advantages of blockchain and Futhure Internet technology, it reconstructs operate. Bloclcloud serves as the “Builiding block” to provide constant connectivity for dynamic networks. It will provide better mobility, credibility, incentives, security, fairness, and scalability to upper-layer applications. Welcome to Blockcloud.
Blockcloud Team
Zhongxing Ming (CEO)
· Visiting Scholar to Princeton University
· Postdoctoral at Hong Kong Polytechnic University
· Ph.D. at Tsinghua University
· Member of Blockchain Special Committee of China Computer Federation
· Shenzhen High-level Overseas Expert
· Co-founder of a Startup with $6.5 Million raised
· 13 Publications on Top Conferences and Journals
Shu Yang (Chairman / SCN Lab Principal)
· Visiting Scholar to Case Western Reserve University
· Postdoctoral at Hong Kong Polytechnic University
· Ph.D. at Tsinghua University
· Member of Blockchain Special Committee of China Computer Federation
· Shenzhen High-level Overseas Expert
· Co-founder of a Startup with $6.5 Million raised
· 10 Publications on Top Conferences and Journals
Dai Pan (Co-founder / COO)
· Master at Peking University
· Urban Intelligence Expert
· Shenzhen High-level Overseas Expert
· Co-founder of a Startup with $6.5 Million raised
Dong Huo (Strategic Scientist)
· Ph.D. at University of Tokyo
· United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Sustainability Goal (SDG) Network Expert
· PI of a JSPS-NSFC International Coopertaion Project
· PI of a National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) Project
Qi Li (Expert of Network Security and Cryptography)
. Associate Professor of Computer Science, Tsinghua University
· Network Security Expert
· Editor of IEEE/TDSC
· Over 60 Publications on Top Conferences and Journals
Wei Xiao (Data Scientist)
Ph.D. at Tsinghua University
· AI Expert
· Multiple Major Inventions
· Author of over 20 Patents
Claire Xiong (Director of Business and Communications)
. Graduated from UC Berkeley at the age of 19, with a dual degree in Economics and communications
· Director of Innovation Department at Plug and Play in China. Helped many Startups Cooperate with
Daimler China, Wanda Group, Johnson, Deloitte, Huawei, Michelin, etc.
· Responsible for the Market Development of Two Rapidly Growing Teams
· 5 Years of Experience in Chinese Media Industry
Peter Ran (Director of Business Development in North America)
. Graduated from Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania
· Working experience at Bear Stearns and Southern Fund Management
· Partner at Huson and Chief Representative of Yixing Capital
Lucy Liu (Director of Marketing in North America)
· Bachelor of Information Management, George Washington University
· Senior PWC (USA) Auditor
· New York State Department of Labor Third Party Management Company Accountant
Kun Liu (Head of Marketing)
· Bachelor of Marketing, Renmin University
· Working experience at Alibaba, Baidu
· 8 Years of Experience in Marketing
Kun Hu (Head of Development)
· Bachelor of Computer Science, Huazhong University of Science and Technology
· Senior Architect in Huawei
· 7 Years of Project Development Experience
· 3 Years of Project Management Experience
Zhenzhou Wu (Cloud Platform Director)
· Cloud Platform Director
· Proficient in Lisp Language
· Chief Architect of an Online Game with Hundreds of Millions Users
Advisory Board
Fred Baker (Internet pioneer and former IETF Chairman (1996-2001)
Shai Mohaban (Expert in networking, cloud computing and security, as well as an early practitioner in blockchain.)
Hoan Soo Lee (Economist of Council of Economic Adviser (CEA) during the first term of Obama government.)
Jiangchuan Liu (IEEE Fellow. Tenure of Simon Fraser University in Canada.)
F. Richard Yu (IEEE Fellow, IET Fellow. National "Thousand People Plan" and "Oversea Plan" specially-invited expert.)
Jiang Li (CTO of Microsoft China, expert in cloud computing and big data with 31 years’ experience in IT industry.)
Jia Tian (Investor of Bitfinex as a shareholder, major in distributed systems and acquired BS/MS degree from dept.)
Ahmed Alsayadi (One of the earlist global blockchain architects, the first foreigner obtained Permanent Resident Card in China, core member of Baidu Arab search engine, founder of two AI companies.)
Dan Wang (Tenure of Hong Kong Polytechnic University, expert of national rail engineering center, chief designer of Guangzhou TV tower sensor system, dozens of international top papers such as SIGCOMM, INFOCOM.)
Qian Wang (Expert of Recruitment Program of Young Overseas High-level Talents.)
Linghe Kong (Professor of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, postdoctral of Columbia University in the City of New York, Ph.D. in computer engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University.)
Sheng Zhong (Ph.D. in Computer Science, Yale University, candidate of the first batch of Recruitment Program of Young Overseas High-level Talents.)
Qianhong Wu (Professor of School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Beihang University, Ph.D. in cryptology, Xidian Univeristy.)
Kun Yang (Distinguished professor of Recruitment Program of Global Experts. Professor of University of Electronic Science and Technology of China. Ph.D. in Electronic Engineering, University College London, IET Fellow.)
Liehuang Zhu (Assistant Dean of School of Computer Science & Technology.)
Ke Xu (Professor, doctoral supervisor and deputy director of Department of Computer Science and Technology, Tsinghua University.)
Mingwei Xu (National Distinguished Young Scholar of China, professor and doctoral supervisor of Department of Computer Science and Technology, Tsinghua University.)
Guang Cheng (Dean of School of Cyberspace Security, Southeast Univesity, director of Computer Network and Information Integration Ministry of Education (Southeast University) Key Lab, secretary of the Party Committee of School of Computer Science and Engineering and College of Software Engineering, Southeast University, Ph.D. of School of Computer Science and Engineering, Southeast University.
Haibin Kan (Professor and doctoral supervisor of Fudan University, leader of Coding and Information Security Laboratory and Institute of Computer Theory, School of Computer Science and Technology of Fudan University.)
Roger Lim (Experienced angel and blockchain investor. Founding Partner of NEO Global Capital.)
Sandra Wu (Managing Director of Origin X Capital. Securities, PE Fund Formation and M&A Corporate Lawyer with 12+ years experience on Wall Street, Hong Kong and Sydney.)
Articles & Media
Talk with Dr.Ming to further understand Blockcloud
What chemical reaction would be induced by combining an Internet protocol-level system and blockchain technology?
Dr. Yang was invited to Xili Lake Finance & Technology Lecture to interpret blockchain trends from a technological perspective
Token Info
Fundraising of Blockcloud token
2 billion Blockcloud token will be available for sale while the total amount of token is 10 billion. The total amount of fundraising is $15 million, among which private sale accounts for $12 million.
Private Sales: 1 BLOC = $0.008, a total of 1.5 billion BLOC are selling.
Private Sales Locking Mechanism: First release 20% before exchange listed, then release 10% every month 2 months after exchange listed, finish releasing in 8 months.
Usage of Fund Raised:50% R&D, 15% Partnerships and Establishment of Business Alliance, 5% International Standard Setting, 5% Research Cooperation and Intellectual Property, 15% Marketing and Community Building, 5% HR and Team Incentive, 5% Daily Operation Management.
Project Progress
Based on the roadmap, the team has completed the architecture design, the mathematical proof of PoS mechanism and CoDAG’s peer discovery algorithm. An experimental CoDAG network with a maximum width of 5 (K=5) has been constructed by 20 competing machines and the height of levels has reached 1,000,000. Based on the above progress, the team has submitted the application of 5 patents of innovation and 5 software copyrights.
Besides development, the team is aggressively developing business with potential partners, including but not limited to IoT, CDN, ISP and blockchain enterprises.
The team is constantly carrying out global meetups and marketing efforts to strengthen the community and promote the project worldwide.
Contact:
If any suggestions or advice please contact us via email to [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])!
submitted by Blockcloud_Official to BlockcloudTeam [link] [comments]


2018.01.03 05:25 zigzagzig Nebulas (NAS) - Decentralized search framework and self-evolving blockchain

https://nebulas.io/
/nebulas
Non-Technical Whitepaper
Technical Whitepaper
Github
Wiki
Tutorials of Nebulas
Design Overview
Technology

Overview

Nebulas is a decentralized platform which provides a search framework for all blockchains, with the following three core features:
Nebulas will reduce, if not completely eliminate, the need for forks. And it will bring the capability of search to the Blockchain platforms - like a Google for Blockchain.

Supply and marketcap

ICO Price: $2 USD ($60m hard cap raised) Current price: $5.14 USD (at time of this post) Current marketcap: $154m Circulation: 30m NAS Total: 100m NAS 24 hour volume: $12m+
Currently available on gate.io under ETH and USDT pairs
gate.io (referral link) gate.io (non-referral link)

Roadmap

June 2016 - Nebulas founded Q3 2017 - Technical whitepaper & open source Q4 2017 - Testnet online Q1 2018 - v1.0 Release & mainnet online Q4 2018 - v2.0 & self-evolution function release source/more details

Team

Hitters Xu (Founder) Nebulas & Antshares (NEO) founder, former founding Director of Ant Financial's Blockchain Platform, ex-Googler in Search & Anti-Fraud team, and graduated from Tongji University in Computer Science and Technology. ICO Pionnier in China. Since 2013, he has founded BitsClub, FBG, and organized a series of influential international blockchain summits. Robin Zhong (Co-Founder) Nebulas co-founder, former architect of Ant Financial's Blockchain Platform, former Senior Development Director of Dolphin Browser, Leader of Game Division. Graduated from Huazhong University of Science and Technology. He is also the founder of Tongxinclub, the first Blockchain support platform in China. Aero Wang (Co-Founder) Nebulas & Antshares (NEO) co-founder, initiator of OpenIP & IP Community, a serial entrepreneur in blockchain industry. Graduated from Southeast University. Duran Liu (Head of Engineering) Former Google Senior Software Engineer, Technical Lead in Machine Learning. Former Senior Software Engineer at FreeWheel. Former Software Engineer at IBM. Got a Bachelor Degree in Computer Science, and a Master's Degree in Engineering, from Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Qi Zhu (Core Developer) Engineering Manager at Airbnb US, former Google Senior Software Engineer. Got a Bachelor Degree of Mathematics and Master Degree in Automation from Tsinghua University. Shu Shang (Core Developer) Former TOTFREE CTO,former Developer of Dolphin Browser, former Developer of Alibaba, Got a Master Degree in Science and Technology from Tsinghua University. Yipei Li (Product Manager) Former Senior Product Manager and Business Architect of Alibaba Cloud Computing / YunOS / Kanbox, former Senior Interaction Designer of Sohu TV, former Product Management Director of Mali+jiayou. Graduated from Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Larry Wang (Full stack developer) Former Senior Developer of Alibaba. Graduated from China University of Geosciences of Science and Technology. Chivas Wu (Product designer) User experience designer, Visual communication designer, Co-founder of Rational Design Studio. He has served customers including Didi, New Oriental School, Beijing Design Week, etc. Major at Visual Communication Design, graduated from Tsinghua University. source

Advisors

Edith Yeung Selected by Inc’s Magazine as one of the Silicon Valley investors you must know, Edith Yeung is a partner at 500 Startups. She has invested in over 40 mobile, VR, AR, AI and machine learning startups including Hooked, DayDayCook, Fleksy (acquired by Pinterest), Human (acquired by Mapbox), AISense, Penrose, Cryworks, SIlk Labs, Piper, Apptopia, Mobile Action, Andy OS, Quickly, Powercore, Pack, Ingrain, Switch, Bento, DayDayCook, Palantir, etc. Advisor to Dolphin Browser (Acquired by CYOU), and founding partner at RightVentures. Chris McCann Chris started and leads the community program at Greylock Partners (investors in Facebook, Airbnb, Dropbox, Linkedin, Coinbase, etc), and was the co-founder of StartupDigest (acquired by TechStars & partnered with the Kauffman Foundation). He was also one of the early mentors & advisors for the Thiel Fellowship, StartX at Stanford University, and helped start the entrepreneurship programs at Cal Poly San Luis Obispo. Evan Cheng Evan Cheng bootstrapped the LLVM effort and led its development during his 10 year career at Apple. He was the co-recipient of the ACM Software System Award in 2012 for his contribution to computer science. He is currently an engineering director at Facebook, responsible for developments in programming languages and runtimes.

Partners

FBG Capital, TenCent WeStart, Loopring, Yoyow, Gifto & more

Nebulas Rank (NR)

Nebulas Rank (NR) is our core ranking algorithm which has been open sourced. The algorithm is based on liquidity, propagation of users' assets, and the interactivity between users. NR is used to rank addresses, smart contracts, distributed applications (Dapps) and other entities on the blockchain.

Nebulas Force (NF)

Nebulas Force (NF) provides the Nebulas blockchain & its distributed applications built on top, the capability to self evolve. With NF developers are able to make changes, incorporate new technologies, and fix bugs without needing to hard fork.

Developer Incentive Protocol (DIP)

In Nebulas, we propose the concept of DIP (Developer Incentive Protocol) for developers of smart contracts and DApps. DIP's core concept: in pre-specified blocks' interval, for those developers whose smart contracts and DApps deploy online in the most recent interval with NR value higher than a specified threshold, DIP shall reward them corresponding developer incentives, and these incentives shall be recorded on blocks by bookkeepers. With DIP's positive incentive mechanism, more and more developers get incentives to create valuable smart contracts and DApps, which helps to build a positive feedback ecosystem for the developers' community.

FAQ

Is Nebulas the “Google” of the blockchain world? It is, to a certain extent. Both Nebulas and Google are search engines, but built for a different purpose. Nebulas is used to search smart contracts, distributed applications (DApps) and users’ assets on blockchains, while Google is used to search for daily information on the internet. In addition, Nebulas is being built on a decentralized search framework with open-source algorithms, verifiable computing, and distributed data stores. Why do I need a blockchain search engine? Data is rapidly migrating from the traditional internet to blockchains, and types of data on blockchains are getting richer and richer. Traditional search engines can no longer meet demands for blockchain data search. We need a decentralized blockchain search engine to embrace these changes. What is Nebulas token (NAS)? NAS is the native (utility) token of Nebulas, viable for payment of transaction fees and computing service charge.
submitted by zigzagzig to CryptoMarkets [link] [comments]


2017.12.28 19:27 zigzagzig Nebulas (NAS) Overview - A Decentralized Search Framework

https://nebulas.io/
Non-Technical Whitepaper
Technical Whitepaper
Github
Wiki
Tutorials of Nebulas
Design Overview
Technology

Overview

Nebulas is a decentralized platform which provides a search framework for all blockchains, with the following three core features:
Nebulas will reduce, if not completely eliminate, the need for forks. And it will bring the capability of search to the Blockchain platforms - like a Google for Blockchain.

Supply and marketcap

ICO Price: $2 USD ($60m hard cap raised) Current price: $5 USD (at time of this post) Current marketcap: $150m Circulation: 30m NAS Total: 100m NAS 24 hour volume: $12m+
Currently available on gate.io under ETH and USDT pairs
gate.io (referral link) gate.io (non-referral link)

Roadmap

June 2016 - Nebulas founded Q3 2017 - Technical whitepaper & open source Q4 2017 - Testnet online Q1 2018 - v1.0 Release & mainnet online Q4 2018 - v2.0 & self-evolution function release source/more details

Team

Hitters Xu (Founder) Nebulas & Antshares (NEO) founder, former founding Director of Ant Financial's Blockchain Platform, ex-Googler in Search & Anti-Fraud team, and graduated from Tongji University in Computer Science and Technology. ICO Pionnier in China. Since 2013, he has founded BitsClub, FBG, and organized a series of influential international blockchain summits. Robin Zhong (Co-Founder) Nebulas co-founder, former architect of Ant Financial's Blockchain Platform, former Senior Development Director of Dolphin Browser, Leader of Game Division. Graduated from Huazhong University of Science and Technology. He is also the founder of Tongxinclub, the first Blockchain support platform in China. Aero Wang (Co-Founder) Nebulas & Antshares (NEO) co-founder, initiator of OpenIP & IP Community, a serial entrepreneur in blockchain industry. Graduated from Southeast University. Duran Liu (Head of Engineering) Former Google Senior Software Engineer, Technical Lead in Machine Learning. Former Senior Software Engineer at FreeWheel. Former Software Engineer at IBM. Got a Bachelor Degree in Computer Science, and a Master's Degree in Engineering, from Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Qi Zhu (Core Developer) Engineering Manager at Airbnb US, former Google Senior Software Engineer. Got a Bachelor Degree of Mathematics and Master Degree in Automation from Tsinghua University. Shu Shang (Core Developer) Former TOTFREE CTO,former Developer of Dolphin Browser, former Developer of Alibaba, Got a Master Degree in Science and Technology from Tsinghua University. Yipei Li (Product Manager) Former Senior Product Manager and Business Architect of Alibaba Cloud Computing / YunOS / Kanbox, former Senior Interaction Designer of Sohu TV, former Product Management Director of Mali+jiayou. Graduated from Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Larry Wang (Full stack developer) Former Senior Developer of Alibaba. Graduated from China University of Geosciences of Science and Technology. Chivas Wu (Product designer) User experience designer, Visual communication designer, Co-founder of Rational Design Studio. He has served customers including Didi, New Oriental School, Beijing Design Week, etc. Major at Visual Communication Design, graduated from Tsinghua University. source

Advisors

Edith Yeung Selected by Inc’s Magazine as one of the Silicon Valley investors you must know, Edith Yeung is a partner at 500 Startups. She has invested in over 40 mobile, VR, AR, AI and machine learning startups including Hooked, DayDayCook, Fleksy (acquired by Pinterest), Human (acquired by Mapbox), AISense, Penrose, Cryworks, SIlk Labs, Piper, Apptopia, Mobile Action, Andy OS, Quickly, Powercore, Pack, Ingrain, Switch, Bento, DayDayCook, Palantir, etc. Advisor to Dolphin Browser (Acquired by CYOU), and founding partner at RightVentures. Chris McCann Chris started and leads the community program at Greylock Partners (investors in Facebook, Airbnb, Dropbox, Linkedin, Coinbase, etc), and was the co-founder of StartupDigest (acquired by TechStars & partnered with the Kauffman Foundation). He was also one of the early mentors & advisors for the Thiel Fellowship, StartX at Stanford University, and helped start the entrepreneurship programs at Cal Poly San Luis Obispo. Evan Cheng Evan Cheng bootstrapped the LLVM effort and led its development during his 10 year career at Apple. He was the co-recipient of the ACM Software System Award in 2012 for his contribution to computer science. He is currently an engineering director at Facebook, responsible for developments in programming languages and runtimes.

Partners

FBG Capital, TenCent WeStart, Loopring, Yoyow, Gifto & more

Nebulas Rank (NR)

Nebulas Rank (NR) is our core ranking algorithm which has been open sourced. The algorithm is based on liquidity, propagation of users' assets, and the interactivity between users. NR is used to rank addresses, smart contracts, distributed applications (Dapps) and other entities on the blockchain.

Nebulas Force (NF)

Nebulas Force (NF) provides the Nebulas blockchain & its distributed applications built on top, the capability to self evolve. With NF developers are able to make changes, incorporate new technologies, and fix bugs without needing to hard fork.

Developer Incentive Protocol (DIP)

In Nebulas, we propose the concept of DIP (Developer Incentive Protocol) for developers of smart contracts and DApps. DIP's core concept: in pre-specified blocks' interval, for those developers whose smart contracts and DApps deploy online in the most recent interval with NR value higher than a specified threshold, DIP shall reward them corresponding developer incentives, and these incentives shall be recorded on blocks by bookkeepers. With DIP's positive incentive mechanism, more and more developers get incentives to create valuable smart contracts and DApps, which helps to build a positive feedback ecosystem for the developers' community.

FAQ

Is Nebulas the “Google” of the blockchain world? It is, to a certain extent. Both Nebulas and Google are search engines, but built for a different purpose. Nebulas is used to search smart contracts, distributed applications (DApps) and users’ assets on blockchains, while Google is used to search for daily information on the internet. In addition, Nebulas is being built on a decentralized search framework with open-source algorithms, verifiable computing, and distributed data stores. Why do I need a blockchain search engine? Data is rapidly migrating from the traditional internet to blockchains, and types of data on blockchains are getting richer and richer. Traditional search engines can no longer meet demands for blockchain data search. We need a decentralized blockchain search engine to embrace these changes. What is Nebulas token (NAS)? NAS is the native (utility) token of Nebulas, viable for payment of transaction fees and computing service charge.
submitted by zigzagzig to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]


the beautiful shu qi - YouTube This mob wife never rides shotgun  Shu Qi  My Wife is a ... shu_hei & Suu [PARTNER vol.9] Shu Qi Biography Wiki Data, Age, Affairs, Net Income - YouTube Shu Qi vs Karen Mok - So Close - YouTube Lishi Kai Men Yoga and Partner Work Wen wen had sex with producer zhang and kept the proof ... The story of Xiao Zhan and Shu Qi, the wonderful ... Qi Shu beautiful short life story 2015 THE ADVENTURERS Trailer (2017) Shu Qi, Action Movie HD

  1. the beautiful shu qi - YouTube
  2. This mob wife never rides shotgun Shu Qi My Wife is a ...
  3. shu_hei & Suu [PARTNER vol.9]
  4. Shu Qi Biography Wiki Data, Age, Affairs, Net Income - YouTube
  5. Shu Qi vs Karen Mok - So Close - YouTube
  6. Lishi Kai Men Yoga and Partner Work
  7. Wen wen had sex with producer zhang and kept the proof ...
  8. The story of Xiao Zhan and Shu Qi, the wonderful ...
  9. Qi Shu beautiful short life story 2015
  10. THE ADVENTURERS Trailer (2017) Shu Qi, Action Movie HD

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